Intellectual property holders (movie studios, record labels, etc.) have been supporting legislation like SOPA, PIPA, and others in the USA to make internet sites responsible for copyright infringement by their users. Efforts have also been made elsewhere in the world to find the balance between copyright protection and internet freedom. In the European Union, there is a 2001 EU copyright directive which allows IP holders to get injunctions against intermediaries who are being used to infringe on copy-protected material. Yet, there is also Article 15 of the EU e-Commerce Directive which prevents EU members from forcing ISPs to have a broad obligation to monitor their content.
SABAM is a collective of Belgian artists, authors, musicians, etc. SABAM sought an injunction against Scarlet, a Belgian ISP, to force them to install a filter that would prevent illegally copied music files from being transmitted. In November 2011, the EU Court of Justice, their highest court, ruled against the injunction. SABAM also brought suit against Netlog, which is a Belgian social networking site like Facebook, seeking a similar injunction. This month, the ECJ ruled against SABAM again. One important point was that privacy rights guaranteed by the Charter of Fundmental Rights of the EU could be violated: the EU is very pro-privacy for citizens.